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Volume 58, Issue 6
November 2023
ISSN 0735-0414
EISSN 1464-3502

Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023

Alcohol, Microbiome, and Metabolites

Gyles Ward and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 573–577, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad048
Emily N Oot and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 578–588, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad059

Short Summary: Measures of cortical metabolites are similar in long-term abstinent men and women with and without alcohol use disorder (AUD). Associations between metabolite levels and inhibitory control measures in AUD suggested continued functional relevance of these metabolites in AUD even after sustained abstinence. Gender differences in metabolite levels were not observed.

Alcohol, Biomarkers, and Behavioral and Social Science

Alex M Russell and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 589–598, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad057
Josefine Herzog and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 599–605, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad025
Jonathan K Noel and Samantha R Rosenthal
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 606–611, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad035

Short Summary: Alcohol home delivery purchases are not prevalent in young adults but may increase underage access to alcohol. Home delivery purchases were associated with increased odds of high risk drinking, and alcohol theft was associated with increased odds of high-risk drinking, experiencing negative alcohol consequences, and drinking and driving.

Mindaugas Štelemėkas and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 612–618, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad063

Short Summary: This paper presents estimates of unrecorded alcohol consumption in Lithuania, based on historical series and on data from the 2019 European Health Interview Survey. Unrecorded alcohol consumption in Lithuania is likely to be relatively modest, suggesting that recorded alcohol consumption remains by far the major contributor to alcohol-attributable harm in Lithuania.

Tim Chambers and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 619–627, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad030
Ogochukwu W Odeigah and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 628–636, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad058

Short Summary: Abeokuta has a high alcohol outlet density. The average density between alcohol outlets was 28 m in Sodeke. The shortest distance from an alcohol outlet to a school was 18.77 m in Ijaiye. Forty-four (14.7%) schools (14.7%) were located within ≤100 m of an alcohol outlet.

Helmut Nakovics and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 637–644, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad045

Short Summary: Craving is an important treatment target in alcohol use disorder. Here, we tested the German Penn Alcohol Craving Scale in three samples and found first evidence for a 2-factor solution and good convergent validity, but also correlations with depression and anxiety.

Nancy F Berglas and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 645–652, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad056

Short Summary: Civil commitment policies and reporting requirements for assessment and treatment purposes were consistently associated with greater treatment admissions, while mandatory warning signs and priority treatment policies were, in some cases, related to fewer treatment admissions.

Stephanie E Wemm and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 653–661, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad061

Short Summary:The current study used a real-world approach to collect heart rate variability, an indicator of parasympathetic activity, for continuous monitoring. Individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) display dampened parasympathetic activity during sleep as compared to social drinking individuals, providing further evidence for disruptions in autonomic functioning related to AUD.

Aubrey A Knoff and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 662–671, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad062

Short Summary: In a sample of 339 post-9/11 veterans, the current study found that individuals who started BD before age 15 compared to those who started during later adolescence demonstrated widespread and regional reductions in WM integrity in adulthood, particularly in critical regions that mediate inhibitory control.

Tangui Barré and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 672–682, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad067

Short Summary: General practitioners (GPs) are a cornerstone of alcohol use screening. From a representative sample of GPs in France, we showed that despite recent improvements in screening frequency by these healthcare providers, issues regarding training and perceptions remain which hinder systematic and accurate screening.

Gianni Testino and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 683–687, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad064

Letters to the Editor

Julien Guiraud and Wim van den Brink
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 688–689, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad065

Short Summary: Grodin et al. conducted a meta-regression analysis of studies testing the effect of pretrial abstinence and diagnosis of alcohol use disorder as treatment effect predictors of pharmacotherapies for alcohol use disorder. The lack of contrast in these predictors and the suboptimal statistical method that was used may explain the negative findings.

Erica N Grodin and others
Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 58, Issue 6, November 2023, Pages 690–691, https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10.1093/alcalc/agad066

Short Summary: The Letter to the Editors regarding our article was reviewed. The take-home message is that substantively, the authors of the letter are referencing a paper that asks a different research question in a different set of studies. When we ask different questions, we are not surprised when we reach different answers.

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